Resource: Seminar

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Time: 2021-12-24 9:00
Address: Main Building B1-612
Useful links: Readling list; Schedules; Previous seminars.


  1. [MobiCom 2021] Flexible high-resolution object detection on edge devices with tunable latency, Rong
    Abstract: Object detection is a fundamental building block of video analytics applications. While Neural Networks (NNs)-based object detection models have shown excellent accuracy on benchmark datasets, they are not well positioned for high-resolution images inference on resource-constrained edge devices. Common approaches, including down-sampling inputs and scaling up neural networks, fall short of adapting to video content changes and various latency requirements. This paper presents Remix, a flexible framework for high-resolution object detection on edge devices. Remix takes as input a latency budget, and come up with an image partition and model execution plan which runs off-the-shelf neural networks on non-uniformly partitioned image blocks. As a result, it maximizes the overall detection accuracy by allocating various amount of compute power onto different areas of an image. We evaluate Remix on public dataset as well as real-world videos collected by ourselves. Experimental results show that Remix can either improve the detection accuracy by 18%-120% for a given latency budget, or achieve up to 8.1× inference speedup with accuracy on par with the state-of-the-art NNs.
  2. [TPDS 2022] Energy-Efficient Offloading for DNN-Based Smart IoT Systems in Cloud-Edge Environments, Wenjie
    Abstract: Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) have become an essential and important supporting technology for smart Internet-of-Things (IoT) systems. Due to the high computational costs of large-scale DNNs, it might be infeasible to directly deploy them in energy-constrained IoT devices. Through offloading computation-intensive tasks to the cloud or edges, the computation offloading technology offers a feasible solution to execute DNNs. However, energy-efficient offloading for DNN based smart IoT systems with deadline constraints in the cloud-edge environments is still an open challenge. To address this challenge, we first design a new system energy consumption model, which takes into account the runtime, switching, and computing energy consumption of all participating servers (from both the cloud and edge) and IoT devices. Next, a novel energy-efficient offloading strategy based on a Self-adaptive Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm using the Genetic Algorithm operators (SPSO-GA) is proposed. This new strategy can efficiently make offloading decisions for DNN layers with layer partition operations, which can lessen the encoding dimension and improve the execution time of SPSO-GA. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed strategy can significantly reduce energy consumption compared to other classic methods.
  3. [TMC 2022] Objective-Variable Tour Planning for Mobile Data Collection in Partitioned Sensor Networks, Zhuoliu
    Abstract: Data collection with mobile elements can improve energy efficiency and balance load distribution in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). However, complex network environments bring about inconvenience of path design. This work addresses the network environment issue, by presenting an objective-variable tour planning (OVTP) strategy for mobile data gathering in partitioned WSNs. Unlike existing studies of connected networks, our work focuses on disjoint networks with connectivity requirement and serves delay-hash applications as well as energy-efficient scenarios respectively. We first design a converging-aware location selection mechanism, which macroscopically converges rendezvous points (RPs) to lay a foundation of a short tour. We then develop a delay-aware path formation mechanism, which constructs a short tour connecting all segments by a new convex hull algorithm and a new genetic operation. In addition, we devise an energy-aware path extension mechanism, which selects appropriate extra RPs according to specific metrics in order to reduce the energy depletion of data transmission. Extensive simulations demonstrate the effectiveness and advantages of the new strategy in terms of path length, energy depletion, and data collection ratio.




  • [Topic] [ The path planning algorithm for multiple mobile edge servers in EdgeGO], Rong Cong, 2020-11-18






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